On September 15, 2015, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the U.S. Department of Defense announced a 15-member council that “will provide advice, information, and recommendations to the HHS Secretary on programs and policies related to combating antibiotic-resistant bacteria.”  This move was prompted by the agencies’ concern that a growing number of bacterial infections do not respond to even the most powerful antibiotics, putting patients at high risk for severe infections, sometimes even resulting in death.  “Detecting, preventing, and controlling antibiotic resistance requires a strategic, coordinated, and sustained effort,” the agencies said in a statement.  The announcement of the panel came the same day that the CDC unveiled guidelines for improving antibiotic use in nursing homes, and the day after the Joint Commission announced an educational campaign on the appropriate and safe use of antibiotics.