On 15 November 2016, the New Zealand parliament passed by a 61-57 vote, the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement Amendment Bill, which is an omnibus bill that would amend 11 different NZ laws to meet obligations in the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) and enable New Zealand to ratify the agreement. The Bill passed despite some opposition claims that passage was a waste of time in view of the position taken by President-Elect Trump of the United States during his campaign. Under formulas required to bring the TPP into force, United States participation is essential. It is understood that the National, ACT and United Future parties supported it, while the Labour, the Greens, NZ First and the Maori Party opposed it. Royal Assent (approval from the Governor-General representing the Crown) is still required before it becomes law. The law will take effect only from the date that TPP enters into force for New Zealand.