The Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada (“OPC”) recently published a report, entitled “Privacy and Cyber Security: Emphasizing privacy protection in cyber security activities”.
The OPC’s report examines the inter-relationships between cyber security and privacy, and outlines a number of common challenges for cyber security and privacy, including:
- The complexity of electronic, interconnected networks;
- Increasingly sophisticated cyber threats and the “professionalization” of hacking;
- Threats to mobile devices, which are closely tied to individual users;
- The challenge in the Big Data context;
- Ensuring breach preparedness is a greater priority; and
- Encouraging effective, dynamic risk management instead of “check the box” compliance.
The report provides recommended policy directions in which privacy protection could support and augment cyber security:
- Building privacy values into the development of cyber security policy;
- Legislative approaches to incentivize cyber security preparedness; and
- Facilitating a broader dialogue on cyber security which acknowledges the importance of privacy, trust and responsible data stewardship.