Virtual currency businesses saw increased oversight by U.S. regulators in 2015, and continued interest by federal and state authorities is expected as regulation evolves. Two recent developments in this arena are particularly noteworthy.

In June 2015, the New York State Department of Financial Services (NYDFS) unveiled its long-awaited virtual currency licensing regime, the “BitLicense.” The BitLicense framework, which NYDFS called "the first comprehensive framework for regulating digital currency firms," is intended by NYDFS to protect consumers and reduce the risk that virtual currency businesses will be used for illicit activities, particularly money laundering. In establishing this regime, NYDFS' regulations impose specific AML and cybersecurity requirements, among others. NYDFS approved its first BitLicense in September 2015; as of October 2015, it had received 25 applications.

Virtual currency businesses can expect continued interest by federal and state regulators in 2016 as the use of, and investment in, virtual currency grows.