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Effective July 1, 2015, the Reduction of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Coal-Fired Generation of Electricity Regulations came into force under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999. The Regulations place a limit of 420 tonnes of CO2 for each gigawatt-hour of electricity produced from coal per year. Compliance with the regulation by all new and most existing coal-fired electricity generating plants will be required immediately, with some existing units being required to comply with the regulation before 2030.
The federal government has also implemented the Regulations Amending the Passenger Automobile and Light Truck Greenhouse Gas Regulations and Heavy-Duty Vehicle and Engine Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulationsregulating the emissions standards of typical consumer and industrial vehicles, as well as the Renewable Fuel Regulations governing the minimum quantities of renewable fuel that must comprise gasoline, diesel and heating fuels supplied in Canada. Aside from the federal gas tax, Canada does not currently have a federal system for carbon taxation or pricing.