On October 22, The board of directors of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) adopted a proposal to increase the Deposit Insurance Fund (DIF) to the statutorily required minimum level of 1.35 percent. Congress, via the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, increased the minimum for the DIF reserve ratio (the ratio of the amount in the fund to insured deposits) from 1.15 percent to 1.35 percent and required that the ratio reach 1.35 percent by September 30, 2020. Further, the Dodd-Frank Act also made banks with $10 billion or more in total assets responsible for the increase from 1.15 percent to 1.35 percent. Under a rule adopted by the FDIC in 2011, regular assessment rates for all banks will decline when the reserve ratio reaches 1.15 percent, which the FDIC expects will occur in early 2016. Banks with total assets of less than $10 billion will have substantially lower assessment rates under the 2011 rule. The surcharges would begin the calendar quarter after the reserve ratio of the DIF first reaches or exceeds 1.15 percent—the same time that lower regular deposit insurance assessment (regular assessment) rates take effect—and would continue through the quarter that the reserve ratio first reaches or exceeds 1.35 percent.
The proposed rule would impose on banks with at least $10 billion in assets a surcharge of 4.5 cents per $100 of their assessment base, after making certain adjustments. In its notice, the FDIC states the following:
The FDIC expects the reserve ratio would likely reach 1.35 percent after approximately two years of payments of the proposed surcharges. “If, contrary to the FDIC’s expectations, the reserve ratio does not reach 1.35 percent by December 31, 2018 (provided it is at least 1.15 percent), the FDIC would impose a shortfall assessment on insured depository institutions with total consolidated assets of $10 billion or more on March 31, 2019…. Since the Dodd-Frank Act requires that the FDIC offset the effect of the increase in the reserve ratio from 1.15 percent to 1.35 percent on insured depository institutions with total consolidated assets of less than $10 billion, the FDIC would provide assessment credits to insured depository institutions with total consolidated assets of less than $10 billion for the portion of their regular assessments that contributed to growth in the reserve ratio between 1.15 percent and 1.35 percent.