On 1 May 2015, the US District Court for the Southern District of New York sentenced BNP Paribas to five years of probation and ordered it to pay a fine and forfeitures totaling roughly $8.9 billion for violations of US sanctions. During probation, BNP Paribas will be required to enhance its compliance programme. The sentencing is consistent with a previously announced plea agreement, in which BNP Paribas admitted it violated US sanctions with respect to Sudan, Cuba, and Iran. US officials particularly emphasised the Sudanese involvement and accused BNP of functioning as ‘the central bank for the government of Sudan’. The sentencing was the first time a financial institution had been convicted and sentenced for violations of US economic sanctions and involved the largest financial penalty ever imposed in a US criminal case.