【Data Source: Website of the SIPO of P.R.C.】
The SIPO of P.R.C. specified that there were 35,844 cases of administrative law enforcement related to patents in total across China in 2015, up 46.4% from the previous year. Wherein, 14,607 of them are cases involving patent disputes (including 14,202 cases of patent infringement disputes), up 77.7% from the previous year; while 21,237 cases involving investigating and handling patent counterfeits, up 30.6% from the previous year.
According to the data published by the SIPO, the number of annual invention patent applications in China broke through the 1-million mark for the first time in 2015 by receiving a total number of 1,102,000 invention patent applications, up 18.7% from the previous year, as the first place in the world for the fifth consecutive year. In total, 359,000 invention patents were granted in this year, wherein, 263,000 of them are filed by domestic applicants, up 100,000 from 2014, and with an average of 6.3 invention patents per 10,000 population. By the end of 2015, the total number of valid invention patents (excluding Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan) that represents as an indicator for higher patent quality and reflects the technical and market values of patents was 872,000 .
In 2015, the Top 10 provinces (autonomous regions/municipalities) with the most invention patent grants in China are, respectively, Jiangsu (36,015), Beijing (35,308), Guangdong (33,477), Zhejiang (23,345), Shanghai (17,601), Shandong (16,881), Anhui (11,180), Sichuan (9,105), Hubei (7,766) and Shanxi (6,812). In the ranking of number of invention patents granted to domestic enterprises, the first place was taken by Sinopec Group (2,844), which was closely followed by ZTE Corporation (2,673); Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. (2,413) took the third place; The forth to tenth places were respectively taken by State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC) (2,081), BOE Technology Group Co., Ltd. (1,115), Shenzhen Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd (CSOT) (728), PetroChina Company Limited (641), Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science and Technology Co., Ltd. (596), Tencent Technology (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd. (581), and BYD Company Limited (509).
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Additionally, the SIPO announced the Top 10 provinces (autonomous regions/municipalities) with the most invention patent ownerships in China by the end of 2015 are: Guangdong (138,878), Beijing (133,040), Jiangsu (113,160), Zhejiang (70,981), Shanghai (69,982), Shandong (47,694), Sichuan (28,723), Anhui (26,075), Hubei (24,998) and Liaoning (23,242).
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In 2015, the SIPO streamlined its examination and approval procedure for establishment of patent agencies, and abolished the examination and approval procedure for establishment of operational patent offices. In total, 138 patent agencies have been approved to be established in this year. In addition, the national qualification test for patent agents has been reformed for computerization. In total, 4,777 exam takers passed. By far, the number of patent agencies across the nation has exceeded 1,200, while the number of practicing patent agents has surpassed 12,000. In 2015, the Patent Reexamination Board received 12,678 requests for reexamination and 3,724 requests for invalidation, whereas 25,756 cases of requests for reexamination and 3,652 cases of requests for invalidation were closed in the same year.
It's note-worthy that the status of Chinese enterprises as the principal creator of intellectual properties remains stable and firm. The SIPO stated that there were 583,000 invention patent applications filed by Chinese enterprises, accounting for 60.2% of the total domestic invention patent applications; and 159,000 invention patents were granted to Chinese enterprises, accounting for 60.5% of the total domestic invention patents grants, a 4.1% increase from 2014.
However, there is still a gap in terms of the patent concentration in some technological fields between domestic applicants and the international applicants: among the 35 technological fields classified by the World Intellectual Property Organization, 28 of them, which is 6 more than that in 2014, saw a higher number of invention patents owned by domestic patentees than those owned by international patentees; while a gap between the number of patents owned by domestic and by international patentees stills exists in 7 technological fields such as optics, engines, etc.