A final rule published September 30 and effective October 31, 2016, removes all references to the DUNS number in the FAR because usage of a proprietary number and organization to meet the government’s identification needs limits competition. The FAR Council did not provide a specific alternative to the DUNS number, instead indicating that OMB and Treasury are taking the lead in considering such alternatives – a process that will include input from the private sector about “nonproprietary” options.