The EU Council has adopted the Benchmark Regulation, which will now enter into force on the day after its publication in the Official Journal and become effective 18 months after that date. The Council has also adopted the Cybersecurity Directive, confirming the December 2015 agreement on the text reached by the Council and the European Parliament. The Cybersecurity Directive lays down security obligations for operators of essential services such as energy, transport, health and finance, and for digital service providers, and each EU country will be required to designate one or more national authorities and to establish a strategy for dealing with cyber threats. The Directive must now be adopted by the European Parliament and is expected to enter into force in August 2016.