On 28 July the Hamburg State Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information (HSC) ordered Facebook to allow one specific user to use Facebook under a pseudonym. Facebook operates a real name policy which requires users to use their real name and if requested prove their identity by submitting a copy of identification.
The HSC has argued that a request for copies of identification for verification is prohibited under German law except for in limited cases. Furthermore, they stated that the arbitrary change of the user's pseudonym to her real name infringed the user's right of informational self determination, which is a fundamental right in Germany.
Facebook could face a fine of up to €50,000 for any violation of the Order, should it be finalised. Furthermore the HSC could impose a penalty payment of up to €1,000,000 to incentivise Facebook to comply.