The U.S. Supreme Court held that arbitration was required by the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA) despite a contrary state court rule. DIRECTV, Inc. v. Imburgia, 136 S. Ct. 463 (2015) (No. 14-462).  The contract at issue provided that “if the law of your state” would find an arbitration provision unenforceable, the entire arbitration agreement was invalid.  In this instance, California law prohibited a class action waiver in an arbitration clause at the time the contract was entered, but that law subsequently was overruled.  The California courts held that the waiver nonetheless was unenforceable because it was invalid at the time the contract was entered, but the Supreme Court rejected that view.  The Court found that “law of your state” refers to a valid state law, and the overruled California law was not valid.  Further, the Court found that state courts would have reached that conclusion in any context other than arbitration and, therefore, arbitration clauses were being treated impermissibly in a different fashion than other contracts, a distinction that the FAA does not permit.