On 21 September, BIS announced that it revoked the export privileges of two individuals and three entities that were allegedly involved in a conspiracy to illegally export encryption items, consisting of monitoring software and equipment, to Syria, including to Syrian state-controlled entities. The items are controlled for national security and anti-terrorism reasons. Denial orders of five and six years, respectively, were imposed on United Arab Emirates nationals Aiman Ammar and Rashid Albuni and their companies, Engineering Construction and Contracting and Advanced Technology Solutions of Damascus, Syria, and iT-Wave FZCO, of Dubai, U.A.E.