In March 2015, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) announced that it is seeking a C$1.1 million penalty against a Quebec-based company for violating Canada's anti-spam law (CASL). The CRTC identified four violations of CASL, implying an average penalty of C$275,000 per violation. The maximum penalty for a violation under CASL is C$10,000,000 for organizations. According to the CRTC, the infringing company sent commercial emails to recipients without their consent and failed to include proper unsubscribe mechanisms in the messages. The emails were allegedly sent between July and September 2014 and promoted training courses on topics such as management and professional development. The company has 30 days as of the issuance of the CRTC’s notice of violation to submit written representations for further consideration before the CRTC makes its final determination, request an undertaking (i.e., a settlement) with the CRTC, or pay the penalty. This represents the first reported instance of a financial penalty under CASL, the messaging provisions of which came into force in July 2014. Separate computer installation provisions came into force in January 2015. In its press release, the CRTC noted that the case was launched following the receipt of a substantial number of complaints regarding the allegedly infringing company to the Spam Reporting Centre, the office which receives complaints on behalf of all three CASL regulators. The CRTC also stated that it is investigating a number of other parties regarding violations of CASL. For more information, please contact Theo Ling, Arlan Gates, Eva Warden or Jonathan Tam.