Prime Minister Shinzo Abe recently held 10 meetings of the "Council for the Realization of Work Style Reform," to discuss reforms to Japan's labor law system with experts from both the management and labor sides. At the 10th meeting of the Council for the Realization of Work Style Reform, held on March 28, 2017, the "Action Plan for the Realization of Work Style Reform" ("Action Plan") was approved. The Action Plan covers a broad range of topics including wage increases, the promotion of side jobs, and re-employment support for women. This newsletter introduces two of the most noteworthy elements of the Action Plan, which are (i) the introduction of the Overtime Work Regulation with Punishment and (ii) equal pay for equal work.