Those concerned with frequent digital piracy of their copyrighted content may have additional leverage. A very recent ruling by a federal district judge in a case involving Cox Communications indicates that if internet service providers do not take meaningful action to terminate the access of those identified by copyright holders as “repeat infringers” who are frequently downloading digital content without payment, the ISPs may be liable for large statutory damages.

While the case has yet to be tried in full and is likely to be appealed no matter the outcome at trial, if the ruling stands, it provides significant leverage to copyright holders who feel that their rights are being violated by individuals who are likely difficult to find and usually judgment proof.