The EC has fined eight manufacturers and two distributors of retail food packaging trays a total of €115,865,000 for having participated in at least one of five separate cartels. The eight manufacturers are Huhtamäki of Finland, Nespak and Vitembal of France, Silver Plastics of Germany, Coopbox, Magic Pack and Sirap-Gema of Italy and Linpac of the UK. The two distributors are Ovarpack of Portugal and Propack of the UK.The companies fixed prices and allocated customers of polystyrene foam or polypropylene rigid trays, in breach of EU competition law. From the early 2000s and for periods ranging from just over a year to almost eight years, the ten companies fixed prices, allocated customers and markets, engaged in bid-rigging and exchanged commercially-sensitive information. The EC's investigation revealed the existence of five separate cartels for retail food packaging in a large part of the European Economic Area (EEA).One of the members of the cartel, Linpac, received full immunity from fines as it was the first company to reveal the cartel to the EC, thereby avoiding a fine of € 145 065 000. Other companies received reductions on their fines for their cooperation in the investigation under the EC's leniency programme.