Employers are just beginning to deal with the effects of the NLRB’s Browning-Ferris decision, but signs indicate that the Board may soon decide a second major case regarding joint employers. As our team recently explained here,Browning-Ferris changed the Board’s “joint employer” test. Under the new test, it is effectively much easier for the Board to find a company and a staffing agency, for example, to be joint employers with shared liabilities and duties under the NLRA.
The question would remain, however, whether temporary employees would have the same right to organize as those workers employed permanently. The prevailing rule would say ‘Not quite,’ at least not without the employers’ consent. In its 2004 Oakwood Care Center decision, the Board held that unions had to obtain employer consent (from both joint employers) in order to organize bargaining units containing both “jointly employed” temporary workers and “solely employed” permanent employees.
The Board has an opportunity to change that rule in Miller & Anderson, a pending case with a recently-passed deadline for filing amicus briefs. NLRB General Counsel Richard Griffin has asked the Board to use the case to overturn Oakwood Care Center. The General Counsel’s Office would have the Board return to a pre-Oakwood rule requiring workers who wish to form mixed bargaining units to only be jointly employed and sharing a community of interest.
The ties between Browning-Ferris and Miller & Anderson are obvious. By taking care of what was a tougher test for determining joint employers, the Board has paved the way for unions to add temporary workers to bargaining units. The fourteen amicus briefs filed in Miller & Anderson tell us that both sides are closely watching this case.