On February 10, the SEC released a fact sheet on rules that would require non-U.S. companies using personnel located in a U.S. branch or office “to arrange, negotiate, or execute a security-based swap transaction in connection with its dealing activity to include that transaction in determining whether it is required to register a security-based swap dealer.” The rules, which the SEC voted to adopt in its February 10 open meeting, are intended to ensure that U.S. and foreign dealers engaging in security-based swap dealing activity in the United States are subject to Title VII of the Dodd Frank Act. In addition, the final rules would exempt certain international organizations – those excluded from the definition of U.S. person in Exchange Act rule 3a71-3(a)(4)(iii) – from the requirement that non-U.S. persons include transactions they arranged, negotiated, or executed using personnel located in a U.S. branch or office in their dealer de minimis threshold calculations. Effective 60 days after publication in the Federal Register, but with a later compliance date, the rules should, according to SEC Chair Mary Jo White, “improve transparency and enhance stability and oversight in the security-based swap market, while reducing potential competitive disparities, lessening the likelihood of market fragmentation, and mitigating the risk that may flow into U.S. financial markets.”