Canada Joins Asia-Pacific Cross-Border Privacy Framework In April 2015, Canada highlighted its commitment to facilitate accountable flows of personal information across borders by joining the United States, Mexico and Japan as a participant in the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation's ("APEC's") Cross Border Privacy Rules System (the "CBPR System"). Established in 2011, the CBPR System provides a voluntary framework for businesses to certify their adherence to a set of best practices modelled on the privacy principles of the APEC Privacy Framework (the "Framework"). These privacy principles generally mirror those found in Canada's federal private sector privacy legislation, since the Framework and Canada's federal privacy legislation were both influenced by the OECD's "Guidelines on the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data." The principles embodied in the Framework include, among other things, providing clear, accurate and comprehensive privacy statements; limiting the collection of personal information to the purposes stated at the time of collection; implementing reasonable security safeguards; and being accountable for compliance with the privacy principles. Certification under the CBPR System is performed by independent organizations called Accountability Agents. There is currently only one Accountability Agent under the CBPR System and it is approved to certify U.S. organizations only. Nevertheless, Industry Canada has declared its intention to make use of at least one Accountability Agent and may nominate one or more Accountability Agents for APEC recognition. Organizations currently certified under the CBPR System include Apple, HP, IBM and Merck. As consumers increasingly demand that businesses treat their personal information in a responsible manner, certification to the CBPR System may offer businesses a competitive advantage by demonstrating that they are committed to consumer privacy and accountable for the personal information under their control. Although a Canadian Accountability Agent will be needed before most Canadian businesses can take advantage of the CBPR System, certification should in principle be relatively easy to obtain for Canadian businesses once a Canadian Accountability Agent has been approved, given the similarities between the privacy principles of the CBPR System and Canadian privacy laws. Since APEC focuses on the Asia-Pacific region and the Member Economies participating in the CBPR System now include all NAFTA signatories, certification may also be particularly attractive to businesses that are active in the North American and Asia-Pacific regions. For more information, please contact Theo Ling, Arlan Gates, Lisa Douglas, Eva Warden or Jonathan Tam. The authors wish to thank Kelsey MacKay, Summer Associate, for her assistance with this posting.