On Monday, May 18, 2015, the World Trade Organization issued a compliance panel report in the case regarding the U.S.’s country of origin labeling (“COOL”) measures for meat products.  The appellate panel rejected the U.S.’s appeal of the finding that the COOL measures were discriminatory against Canadian and Mexican meat products because of the additional costs incurred from the required separation of those countries’ animals, and the meat derived from them, at each step in the production process.

There has been some indication that Canada and/or Mexico could impose tariffs on U.S. food imports if the measures are not repealed.  House Agriculture Chairman K. Michael Conaway, R-Texas, has since introduced a bill to repeal the COOL measures.