The U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has issued warning letters to 28 unnamed companies that allegedly represent themselves as participants in the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperative (APEC) Cross Border Privacy Rules system despite failing to meet the requirements underlying that claim. According to FTC, certification is granted based on the following data privacy principles: (i) preventing harm, (ii) notice, (iii) collection limitation, (iv) use choice, (v) integrity, (vi) security safeguards, (vii) access and correction, and (viii) accountability. The FTC warning letters instructed the companies to remove the APEC  certification claims from their websites and notify the agency of completion or provide documentation supporting the claims. See FTC Press Release, July 14, 2016.