The Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) has now published the report and recommendations of the Cycling Independent Reform Commission (CIRC).

The CIRC was established by the UCI in January 2014 and has just completed a 13 month independent investigation into “the causes of the pattern of doping that developed within cycling and allegations which implicate the UCI and other governing bodies and officials over ineffective investigation of such practices”.

The investigation’s main objective was not to punish anti-doping offences by individual riders, but instead to identify and tackle the practices and networks that have instigated and/or facilitated doping in cycling. The report aims to illustrate the causes of, and responsibility for, the doping practices that took place and to make targeted recommendations to the whole cycling community.The CIRC was chaired by Dr. Dick Marty, a former Swiss State Prosecutor, supported by two Vice-Chairs – Mr. Peter Nicholson, a former military officer who specialises in criminal investigations and Prof. Ulrich Haas, an expert in anti-doping rules and procedures.During its investigation, the CIRC undertook 174 interviews in person across the world, some of which lasted for several days. Those interviewed included teams, riders/former riders, federations, UCI personnel, medical practitioners, anti-doping organisations, national law enforcement agencies, sponsors, journalists and event organisers.

The full report can be read here.