New regulations from the Ohio State Board of Pharmacy now require any prescriber who will possess, have custody or control of, or distribute dangerous drugs that are compounded or used for the purpose of compounding to be licensed as a Terminal Distributor of Dangerous Drugs (TDDD). This new requirement is particularly noteworthy for physicians, dentists, and others who have previously operated under the “sole proprietor” exemption from licensure as a TDDD. That exemption has been widely used in Ohio and has traditionally permitted practitioners who 1) operate as sole proprietor, sole shareholder of a corporation or professional association, or sole member of a limited liability company; and 2) are the sole authorized prescribers in the practice to be exempt from the TDDD licensure requirements. These new regulations narrow this exemption by now requiring that all prescribers who “compound” or use “compounded” drugs become licensed as a TDDD, even if those prescribers had previously qualified under the “sole proprietor” exemption.
The scope of what constitutes “compounding” is broad – likely broader than what is commonly believed. Ohio law defines “compounding” as the preparation, mixing, assembling, packaging, and labeling of one or more drugs and also includes the reconstitution of drugs in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.1 Under the new regulations, any “compounding” activity, possession, or administration of a compounded drug requires TDDD licensure, even by a previously exempt “sole proprietor.”
Additionally, these same new regulations impose new standards for compounding sterile products, non-sterile products, and hazardous drugs and more stringent rules governing purchase of compounded drugs from in-state pharmacies, out-of-state pharmacies, and outsourcing facilities.2 These regulations were imposed in order to bring Ohio into compliance with the 2013 Drug Quality and Security Act, a federal law passed in response to the deadly outbreak of fungal meningitis in 2012 that was linked to the New England Compounding Center.