INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS AND TRADE

Dumping

U.S.:           

Imports of amorphous silica fabric from China, a heat resistance material, will be investigated for dumping and unfair subsidies (33 ITR 267; 2/25/16). 

The International Trade Commission (ITC) voted to continue unfair trade investigations into pneumatic off-the-road tires from India and SriLanka (33 ITR 268, 2/25/16). 

The United Steel Workers filed petitions for investigations on truck and bus tires which may include tube-type, tubeless, radial or non-radial tires (33 ITR 269; 2/25/16).  

INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS AND INVESTMENT

Bilateral Trade Agreement

U.S.:

The U.S. and Laos signed a bilateral Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) to create a forum for consultations on issues such as intellectual property, labor, environment and capacity building  (2/25/2016; 33 ITR 264).

Environment

Canada:

The Commission for Environmental Cooperation published technical guidelines for recycling spent lead-acid batteries in North America for the benefit of the members of North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) (33 ITR 282; 2/25/16).  

Trade

India:

The Cabinet ratified the World Trade Organization’s Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) which is a pact to speed the movement of goods and services among member countries (33 ITR 278; 2/25/16).  

Transportation

Cuba:

Cuba and the U.S. signed an aviation agreement that will allow scheduled air services (33 ITR 248; 2/18/16).  

LEGISLATIVE DEVELOPMENTS

Customs

U.S.:

H.R. 644 is a customs modernization and trade enforcement measure that has cleared the Joint Conference Committee and is enroute for signature by the President (32 ITR 222; 2/18/16). 

Data Privacy

U.S.:

H.R. 1428 would allow foreign citizens to sue the U.S. government for civil damages for unauthorized disclosure of personal information under the Judicial Redress Act (33 ITR 237; 2/18/16). 

Exports

U.S.:

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) of the Treasury Department and the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) have published amendments to the Cuban Assets Control Regulations (CACR) and the Export Administration Regulations (CAR) dealing with non-agricultural export trade financing, travel and related services, and certain telecommunications and software related to human rights (47 WorldECR 2/20/16, p. 7).

The BIS proposes a revised penalty guideline for civil enforcement cases to make the process more predictable, transparent and aligned with OFAC guidelines (47 WorldECR 2/2016, p. 15). 

LEGAL DEVELOPMENTS

Customs

U.S.:

The government does not have to turn over unredacted versions of documents that might help Meyer Corp. in its challenge of customs duties under the “deliberative process” privilege which protects the internal deliberations of an agency from normal disclosure in civil litigation (Meyer Corp., US v. US, 2016 BL51014, Ct. Int’l Trade No. 13-00154) Slip. Op. 16-18), 33 ITR 266, 2/25/2016. 

Dumping

U.S.:

Four Pennsylvania based companies and two related persons will pay $3 million to settle False Claims Act charges regarding a scheme to dodge duties on imports of small-diameter graphite electrodes from China (U.S. ex rel. Graphite Electrode Sales, Inc. v. Ameri-Source Holdings, Inc., WD PA, No. 13-cd-0474; 33 ITR 265; 2/25/16).

Imports

U.S.:

Lumber Liquidators Holdings, Inc. will pay $10 million in fines and penalties for telling US officials that timber for its wood flooring came from Germany rather than from the habitat of endangered Siberian Tigers in Southeast Asia (U.S. v. Lumber Liquidators, Inc. Ed. Va., No. 15-Cr-0126; 2/1/16; 33 ITR 180; 2/4/16). 

Labeling

U.S.:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) will block imports of genetically engineered salmon until the agency publishing labeling guidelines (33 ITR 180; 2/4/16). 

Patents

U.S.:

Arista Networks Inc. may have its products banned as a result of losing the first round of a patent infringement law suit filed by Cisco Systems Inc.  (In the Matter of Certain Network Devices, Related Software And Components Thereof, USITC, No. 337-TA-944, 2/2/16 (33 ITR 156; 2/4/16).  

EXPORTS AND SANCTIONS

Aviation

U.S.

The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) has acted against five parties attempting to sell U.S. origin aircraft to Caspian Airlines which company had been designated by OFAC in 2014 as a terrorist organization for its support of terrorism (47 WorldECR 2016, p. 8). 

INTERNATIONAL DEBT WATCH*

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