On September 8, 2016, the Federal Reserve Board issued a policy statement setting forth the framework for setting the Countercyclical Capital Buffer for private-sector credit exposures in the United States. The CCyB is a macroprudential tool that is intended to assist banking organizations in absorbing shocks associated with fluctuations in credit conditions. As a general matter, the CCyB applies to large internationally active banking organizations that are subject to the advanced approaches capital rules (i.e., those with more than $250 billion in assets or $10 billion in on-balance-sheet foreign exposures), and to any depository institution subsidiary of such banking organizations. The policy statement describes the types of financial system vulnerabilities and other factors that the Federal Reserve Board may take into account as it evaluates settings for the buffer, which may include: leverage in the nonfinancial and financial sectors, maturity and liquidity transformation in the financial sector and asset valuation pressures. However, the range of indicators and models that may be considered will likely change over time. Once activated, the CCyB imposes heightened capital requirements on such covered institutions, which heightened requirements may be removed or reduced by the Federal Reserve Board upon determination that financial conditions that led to the activation of the CCyB have abated or lessened. In addition, the policy statement notes that the Federal Reserve Board will provide notice and seek comment from the public on the proposed level of the CCyB as part of making any final determination to change the CCyB.
The text of the Federal Reserve Board policy statement is available at: