On 22 June 2017, the Higher Administrative Court (Oberverwaltungsgericht) of Nordrhein-Westfalen ruled that the obligation of telecommunication providers to retain their users’ traffic data (for 10 weeks) and location data (for four weeks) is contrary to European Union law, in particular Article 15 of the E-privacy Directive (2002/58/EC). The plaintiff, an IT company from Munich, had first turned to the Administrative Court of Cologne requesting a preliminary injunction, but the complaint had been rejected. In Germany, the data retention obligation was reintroduced in December 2015 and it must be complied with by 1 July 2017 at the latest.