A nationwide sweep on June 21 resulted in the largest coordinated takedown of alleged Medicare fraudsters in U.S. history.

The Medicare Fraud Strike Force led a sweep in 36 federal court districts that resulted in charges against 301 individuals, including 61 medical professionals. The schemes involved about $900 million in fraudulent billing. South Florida was home to 100 of those defendants participating in fraud schemes involving $220 million in false billings for home health care, mental health services and pharmacy fraud.

The defendants face charges of conspiracy to commit healthcare fraud, violations of anti-kickback statutes, money laundering and aggravated identity theft. More than 60 of the individuals arrested are charged with fraud related to Medicare Part D, the prescription drug plan that is the fast-growing part of Medicare.

The defendants were part of schemes to bill Medicare and Medicaid for treatments that were medically unnecessary or never performed. Medicare beneficiaries and patient recruiters were paid kickbacks for supplying beneficiary information to providers, who used that information for fraudulent billing.

In one case in the Southern District of Florida, nine defendants were charged with operating six home health companies in the Miami area that gave bribes and kickbacks to bill for services that were not medically necessary. Those six companies defrauded Medicare of more than $24 million.

In the Middle District of Florida, which includes Orlando and Tampa, 15 individuals were charged with crimes including compounding pharmacy fraud and intravenous prescription drug fraud involving $17 million in fake bills. The owner of several infusion clinics is accused of being reimbursed by Medicare for $17 million for intravenous prescription drugs that were never purchased or administered to beneficiaries.

Click here for the press release.