On May 23, 2016, a three-judge panel of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals overturned a judgment of fraud against Bank of America, Countrywide, and former Countrywide executive Rebecca Mairone in U.S. v Countrywide Home Loans, Inc. In reversing the District Court and ruling for the Defendants, the Second Circuit vacated a $1.27 billion judgment against Bank of America and a $1 million judgment against Ms. Mairone. The Second Circuit panel held that the evidence at trial showed at most an intentional breach of contract, which is insufficient as a matter of law to constitute fraud under the federal mail and wire fraud statutes. Instead, to support a claim, the government was required, but failed, to prove that defendants’ intent at the time of contracting was not to comply with their contractual obligations. Orrick represented Ms. Mairone in connection with the appeal. Opinion.