On June 15, the 28 governments of the European Union agreed to a draft Data Protection Regulation that would establish tighter privacy provisions for users of online services – including those provided by U.S. tech companies – in a majority of European countries. The draft Regulation advances a single set of data protection rules for the EU, which include data breach notification obligations, within 24 hours if feasible, a strengthened “right to be forgotten,” and additional enforcement power for Europe’s data protection authorities, including penalties of up to €1 million or up to 2% of global annual turnover of a company. While EU Commissioners say the proposed law would cut costs for businesses, critics argue that its provision requiring data processors to delete individuals’ personal data upon request would inevitably increase costs for European-based internet companies. For the past three and a half years, the EU has tried to reach an agreement to merge the countries’ rules on personal data protection into one set of regulations. If this most recent proposal passes the next phase of European Parliament negotiations, the law will have a 2016 effective date, with a two year transitional period for companies and data protection authorities to adapt to the new regulations.