On January 29, 2016, the European Systemic Risk Board published Recommendations and Decisions relating to setting Countercyclical Buffer Rates for exposures to third countries and the assessment of cross-border effects of and voluntary reciprocity for macro-prudential measures. The ESRB is responsible for macro-prudential oversight within the European Union. In respect of CBRs, the ESRB recommends that national designated authorities: (i) inform the ESRB as soon as a third county sets a CBR in excess of 2.5%; (ii) identify material third countries on an annual basis taking into account the ESRB Decision on the assessment of materiality of third countries for recognizing and setting CBRs; and (iii) consider and coordinate on whether a lower CBR should be set for exposures to a third country in the event that the third country authority sets a lower CBR. In respect of the assessment of cross-border effects of macro-prudential measures, the ESRB recommends that national designated authorities: (i) assess the cross-border effects, prior to adoption, of the implementation of their own macro-prudential measures on other Member States and on the Single Market, including the risk of regulatory arbitrage; (ii) reciprocate the macro-prudential measures adopted by other Member States where such reciprocation is recommended by the ESRB; and (iii) notify the ESRB of any macro-prudential measure implemented, including an assessment of the effect of the measure and whether any reciprocation by other Member States may be necessary. The ESRB has also established a website which sets out the CBR rates set by national designated authorities.
The ERSB Recommendations and Decisions are available at: http://www.esrb.europa.eu/news/pr/2016/html/pr160129.en.html and the CBR rate website is available at: http://www.esrb.europa.eu/ccb/applicable/html/index.en.html.