Ten years after the Southern District of New York entered into its infamous decision in Foti v. NCO Financial Systems, Inc., 424 F. Supp. 2d 643 (S.D.N.Y. 2006) and just two weeks after it begrudgingly ruled in Nicaisse v. Stephens and Michaels Assocs, Inc., 2015 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 172073 (E.D.N.Y. Dec. 28, 2015), the Eastern District of New York has joined the debate of how to properly leave telephone messages.
The Eastern District’s answer is simple: don’t do it. In Halberstam v. Global Credit and Collection Corp., 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 3567 (S.D.N.Y. Jan. 11, 2016), the debt collector’s call was answered by a third party who asked if he could take a message. The debt collector responded as follows:
Name is Eric Panganiban. Callback number is 1-866-277-1877…direct extension is 6929. Regarding a personal business matter.
The issue as couched by the court was whether under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, a debt collector, whose telephone call to a debtor is answered by a third party, may leave his name and number for the debtor to return the call, without disclosing that he is a debt collector, or whether the debt collector must refrain from leaving callback information and attempt the call at a later time. The court held that the debt collector must refrain from leaving any callback information. In so holding, the court determined that soliciting a call back is a “communication in connection with the collection of a debt.” “In our case…the only purpose of…[the] call was quite obviously to collect the debt, and anyone, regardless of their level of sophistication, who knew that the call came from a collection firm would understand that purpose.” Halberstam at *9-10.
The opinion is troublesome and illustrates how problematic telephone messaging is for debt collectors. In this case, the information provided in the message was less than the information provided by the telephone device’s caller id. The collector did not identify the company name; however, the collection agency’s name most likely was disclosed by the caller identification on the telephone device itself. To date, the majority of courts have not been persuaded by the Hobson’s choice illustrated in these cases- specifically, that debt collectors disclosing their identity as a debt collector to comply with §1692e(11)’s requirements run afoul of §1692c(b)’s prohibition on communications to third parties. The safe but impractical solution is to never leave a message.