The Head of the Indonesian Food and Drug Supervisory Agency (Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan / BPOM) has issued Regulation No. HK.03.1.23.12.11.10720 Year 2011, regarding Guidelines for the Production of Proper Processed Food for Powdered Infant Formula and Advanced Formula (“Regulation”).
The Regulation is the implementing regulation of Article 6 paragraph (3) of Government Regulation No. 28 Year 2004 regarding Food Safety, Quality and Nutrition, which requires BPOM to issue the above mentioned guidelines. The guidelines themselves are set forth in the appendix of the Regulation “Guidelines”.
All food industries which produce powdered infant formula and advanced formula are required to abide by the provisions of the Guidelines, and the Guidelines must be used in all of the aspect of the production, covering: a) building and facilities; b) process supervisory and control; c) product facility maintenance and sanitation; d) labor hygiene; e) transportation; f) product information and consumer knowledge; g) laboratory; and h) recording and documentation.
The Guidelines’ foreword explains the necessity of ensuring the production of powdered formula in a proper and hygienic manner, due to the fact that current technology is still incapable of producing sterile powdered formula. The concern is, as a matter of fact, a worldwide concern as shown by the validation of Code of Hygienic Practice for Powdered Formula for Infants and Young Children in 2008 by Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) – a commission established by FAO and WHO to develop food standards and guidelines.
In Indonesia, a case of contaminated powdered formula was revealed on 17 February 2008 in a research report by the Bogor Agricultural Institute (Institut Pertanian Bogor / “IPB”). The case was then brought before the court by David M. L. Tobing, in an attempt to make the name of the contaminated milk product known by the public. David M. L. Tobing won the case, but the contaminated milk product was not publicly announced