Today CMS published a notice announcing that the CY 2015 provider enrollment application fee is $553, up from $542 in 2014. This application fee is required for institutional providers that are initially enrolling or revalidating enrollment in the Medicare or Medicaid program or the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) or adding a new Medicare practice location on or after January 1, 2015 and on or before December 31, 2015. Note that CMS uses a broad definition of institutional entities subject to the application fee; it applies to “[a]ny provider or supplier that submits a paper Medicare enrollment application using the CMS-855A, CMS-855B (not including physician and non-physician practitioner organizations), CMS-855S, or associated Internet-based PECOS enrollment application,” along with additional categories of Medicaid-only and CHIP-only institutional providers.