On March 13, 2017, President Trump signed Executive Order 13781 of March 13, 2017 – Comprehensive Plan for Reorganizing the Executive Branch (published in the Federal Register on March 16, 2017) directing the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (Director) to propose a plan to reorganize governmental functions and eliminate unnecessary agencies, components of agencies, and agency programs.

Under the EO, the head of each agency is required to submit to the Director a proposed plan within 180 days to reorganize the agency, if appropriate, in order to improve the efficiency, effectiveness, and accountability of that agency.

The Director is required to publish a notice in the Federal Register inviting the public to suggest improvements in the organization and functioning of the executive branch and is required to consider the suggestions when formulating the proposed plan, which must then be submitted to the President with 180 days after the closing date for comments. In developing the proposed plan, the Director is required to consider certain factors set forth in the EO.

[Editor’s note: Reorganization Plans must be submitted to Congress in accordance with 5 U.S.C. §§ 901-912.]