Federal prosecutors filed criminal charges against Joshua Aaron, Ziv Orenstein and Gery Shalon in New York, and Mr. Aaron, Mr. Shalon and an unnamed individual in Atlanta for “orchestrat[ing] massive computer hacking crimes against US financial institutions, financial services corporations and financial publishers, including the largest theft of customer data from a US financial institution in history” – involving 80 million customers – from 2012 to mid-2015. According to an indictment filed against these individuals in a federal court in New York, defendants also endeavored to artificially manipulate the price of certain stocks that they sought to market to customers whose personal information they stole. Additionally, Mr. Shalon is alleged to have coordinated computer network attacks against companies outside the financial sector to benefit other of his unlawful businesses, including internet casinos and a US-based exchange that traded Bitcoin – Coin.mx. In connection with the criminal action filed in Atlanta, the defendants were charged for hacking into the computers of E*Trade Financial Securities Corporation and Scottrade Financial Services, Inc, as well as other financial institutions and companies too. According to the indictment filed in Atlanta, more than 10 million customers of E*Trade and Scottrade were “compromised” by these attacks. In August 2015, civil charges were filed by the Securities and Exchange Commission against 32 defendants in connection with the hacking of the computer servers of three major newswire companies as part of an alleged elaborate illicit stock-trading scheme. Nine of these persons were also subject to criminal indictments filed in Brooklyn, New York, and Newark, New Jersey, by the US Department of Justice. (Click here for further details regarding the August 2015 actions in the article, “Hackers and Traders Charged by SEC and Department of Justice in International Securities Fraud Scheme” in the August 16, 2015 edition of Bridging the Week.)