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Seventh Circuit answers question of first impression: cat’s paw theory exposes co-workers to individual liability for retaliation claims under Section 1981

USA - June 5 2012 On May 24, 2012, the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit decided for the first time in Smith v. Bray that an employee may be held individually liable for retaliation in violation of 42 U.S.C. § 1981 (“Section 1981”) pursuant to the “cat’s paw” theory.

Co-authors: Linda M. Jackson .


How nonprofits can avoid the legal pitfalls of telecommuting employees

USA - February 21 2012 As technology for the home office improves, more nonprofits and employees are taking advantage of the benefits of telecommuting. 

Co-authors: Kristine A. Sova, David R. Warner, Jeffrey S. Tenenbaum.


New York attorney general targets violations of wage and anti-retaliation labor laws

USA - January 11 2012 On January 5, 2012, the New York State Attorney General’s Office announced that the CEO of a New York recycling group has pled guilty to charges that he violated New York State’s minimum wage and anti-retaliation labor laws.

Co-authors: Doreen S. Martin, Kristine A. Sova, Megan H. Mann, Michael J. Volpe, William (Widge) Devaney.


A nonprofit’s guide to properly characterizing workers as employees, interns and volunteers

USA - August 22 2011 For many nonprofits, the savings that come from not paying wages, benefits and taxes provide a great incentive to classify workers as interns or volunteers.

Co-authors: Kristine A. Sova, Jeffrey S. Tenenbaum.


A nonprofit’s guide to properly characterizing workers as employees, interns and volunteers

USA - July 25 2011 For many nonprofits, the savings that comes from not paying wages, benefits and taxes provide a great incentive to classify workers as interns or volunteers. 

Co-authors: Kristine A. Sova.

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